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Luce County and Tahquamenon Area Schools Economic Value of Broadband Connectivity
Average Population Density
Annual Economic Benefit of Broadband
|$41,221 ± $2,374
Median Household Income
|16.37% ± 4.61%
Household Poverty Rate
5.2 Mixed Wood Shield
of blocks have no wireline providers
at 25↓/3↑or faster
(satellite coverage is not included)
Key Demographics: Luce County and Tahquamenon Area Schools
|Tahquamenon Area Schools||Luce|
|Total population||7,378 ± 147||6,406|
|Median household income||$41,211 ± $2,357||$41,221 ± $2,374|
|Population per sq/mi||6||7|
|Total households||2,696 ± 170||2,253 ± 152|
|Households per sq/mi||2||3|
|Families in poverty||16.24% ± 3.92%||16.37% ± 4.61%|
|Proportion Native American||18.60% ± 2.80%||20.42% ± 3.26%|
|Proportion Black or African American||6.22% ± 1.64%||6.87% ± 1.90%|
|Proportion Hispanic or Latino||2.90% ± 0.92%||3.18% ± 1.03%|
|Proportion of workers who work from home||6.27% ± 2.60%||4.93% ± 2.42%|
Internet Subscriptions: US, Michigan, Luce County, and Tahquamenon Area Schools
|Households reporting...||US||Michigan||Luce County||Tahquamenon Area Schools|
|With an Internet subscription||78.7% ± 0.1%||77.0% ± 0.2%||63.9% ± 3.5%||63.8% ± 3.3%|
|With a Broadband subscription||78.1% ± 0.1%||76.3% ± 0.2%||61.4% ± 3.4%||61.1% ± 3.4%|
|Wireline alone||32.9% ± 0.1%||33.8% ± 0.1%||24.2% ± 3.3%||25.9% ± 3.4%|
|Cellular data plan alone||7.5% ± 0.1%||8.0% ± 0.1%||8.8% ± 2.2%||8.0% ± 1.9%|
|Satellite Internet alone||1.7%||2.1%||21.5% ± 3.2%||20.2% ± 2.9%|
|Other Service||0.3%||0.3%||0.3% ± 0.4%||0.3% ± 0.4%|
|Dial-up service alone||0.6% ± 0.1%||0.7% ± 0.1%||2.5% ± 1.5%||2.6% ± 1.4%|
|Without an Internet subscription||21.3% ± 0.1%||23.0% ± 0.2%||36.1% ± 3.5%||36.2% ± 3.3%|
About this data:
Economic Value of Broadband Connectivity
From a report issued by the Swank Program In Rural-Urban Policy
"There is a strong economic case for the state investing in expanding coverage in unserved areas of the state. Significant economic benefits are produced when households are able to access a broader range of products and services at lower prices. Economists have estimated the average consumer benefits of broadband access to be between $1,500 and $2,200 per year. Using these estimates and data on the unserved population in Ohio, we conservatively estimate that reaching full broadband coverage today would generate between $1 billion and $2 billion in economic benefits over the next 15 years. This estimate does not include other potential benefits that broadband offers such as reducing the period of unemployment among job seekers." - Connecting the Dots Of Ohio’s Broadband Policy
Two companion references talk more about the Swank Program study. The first, from the Blandin Foundation uses the study’s results to analyze several counties in Minnesota. The second, Measuring Broadband’s (Public) Return On Investment, is an overview from the Daily Yonder.
About the computation
The mean value from the Swank program study is $1,850 per household. Census’ data on the number of households is then used to compute the annual economic impact.
The default value of $1,850 per household is currently being used.
Internet Subscription Demographic Estimates
Subscription data is based on -
|Description||US Census American Community Survey 5-year (subject and detail tables) Estimates|
|License||Public domain (US. Government public data)|
The US Census provides a 5-year rolling estimate for a variety of statistical measures. This data set is termed the “American Community Survey (ACS).”
Along with the data set are a variety of statistcs, already computed, that we use for things like internet subscription rates and internet usage. This subscription information was first released using 5-year estimates in 2017.
- The ACS is based on yearly sampling, and not on a “full count” as in the decennial census.
- The ACS provides data down to the Census block group level.
- It does not provide data at the census block level.
- Because it uses a 5-year window, the data is smoothed (slightly) and so won’t show sudden changes in a specific area. In addition, the 5-year window is critical to sampling in low-density areas where the small number of respondents in a single year might not be sufficient to draw a statistical conclusion.
This page shows the percent of households that claim to have a Internet Subscription according to the Census table S2802.
NOTE 1: In this table, the Census provides estimates that are not quite comparable: "with broadband" includes any non-dialup broadband service, while "no Internet" implies no connection at all. So folks with dialup might be lost in the mix.
NOTE 2: This is data is self-reported data (by survey respondents).