Primary Sources may include any of the following:
- Objects- Tools, Weapons, Inventions, Clothing, Uniforms
- Images- Photographs, Fine art, Video, Posters, Cartoons, Advertisements
- Audio- Speeches, Music, Oral histories, Interviews, Radio broadcasts
- Statistics- Census data, Maps, Architectual drawings
- Text- Letters, Diaries, Journals, Poetry, Speeches, Cookbooks
Evaluating Primary Sources:
six questions to ask
- Who created the source and why?
- Did the recorder have firsthand knowledge of the event?
- Was the information recorded during the event, immediately after the event, or after some lapse of time?
- Was the recorder a neutral source, or did he or she have opinions that might have influenced what was recorded?
- Who was the recorder"s intended audience? Was the source intended to be public or private?
- Was the recorder"s intent to persuade or inform others?
Hyperlinks of Interest:http://teachingamericanhistory.org/library/, documents, audio lectures, lesson plans.(4th.-12th.)http://www.historychannel.com, videos, lesson plans and games. This is searchable by topic.(4th.-12th.)
New York Public Library : research library , search by book title or topic.(prek.-12th.)http://www.archives.gov go to digital classroom and then click teaching with documents, primary sources, lesson plans, documents, photographs, and posters, and worksheets. This is searchable by topic.(4th.-12.)
http://odur.let.rug.nl/~usa/D/index.htm . Search by topic and time periods. Essays, birographies, and presidents.(4th.-12th.)
http://etext.lib.virginia.edu/jefferson/texts/ Thomas Jefferson Digital Library, a guide to the University of Virginia's collections related to Thomas Jefferson, with additional links to texts and information resources aboutJefferson.(History and Civics)
Yale University Avalon Project :The Avalon Project, historical documents, search by time periods.(4th.-12th.)http://www.law.ou.edu/hist/ U.S. Historical Documents from Pre-Colonial to present day.(4th.-12th.)
http://onlinebooks.library.upenn.edu/webbin/book/subjectstart?E Books.(high school)
http://www.constitution.org/liberlib.htm Liberty Library of Constitutional Classics 150 full-text documents. World History, Civics, and American History.(5th.-12th.)
Michigan Historical Center State Archives of Michigan : State Archives of Michigan. Searchable by topic. Check out the Underground Railroad links! (3rd., 4th., 6th.)http://www.ourdocuments.gov , PDFs of original 100 milestone documents and tools for educators using documents.(5th.-12th.)