• UNIT-Local History Component
    Title:  New Businesses Develop
    Focus:  As the fur trade died out in the mid-1800s, shipping and portaging goods became important businesses at the Sault in order to serve the growing fishing and mining industries in the Lake Superior region.
    Connection: Remember when we talked about the Toledo Compromise where Michigan recieved the rest of the Upper Peninsula.  Lets recall the natural resources found in this region.
    Teaching Point:
    1. The fur trade began to die out.
    2.  Commercial fishing and mining of copper and iron ore brought more people to the area.
    3. The amount of goods increased, and both shipping and portaging became big businesses.
    Resource Materials for Teachers:

    The development of the fishing business was discussed in connection with page 26. A barrel of salted fish (about 200 pounds) sold on the wholesale market in Detroit or Cleveland for $6.00 to $7.00 in the 1840s. Many of those barrels were built in the Sault, so there were eleven men in the 1850 census of the town who listed their occupation as “cooper.”

                The opening of copper mines in the Keweenaw, and iron mines near Marquette, truly raised business activity in the Sault to an unprecedented level. Almost all of the machinery, men,  and supplies needed to operate the mines had to pass through the Sault. Near the end of the shipping season in 1851, it was reported that there were 12,000 barrels of freight sitting on wharves at the Sault, waiting to be shipped to the western Upper Peninsula.

    Active Engagement: Color Book with descriptive text pages 28-29Student Pages.

    Share:  Using a blank map of the the Upper Peninsula identify and color the areas where copper, iron ore and timber are found. Include a map key in your work.

Last Modified on February 14, 2018