• Strand - Expansion and Reform (1792-1861)

    Standard - Regional and Economic Growth

    Grade Level -8

    Code U4.2

    GLCE/HSCE

    8 – U4.2.1 Compare and contrast the social and economic systems of the Northeast and the South with respect to geography and climate and the development of

    • agriculture, including changes in productivity, technology, supply and demand, and price (E1.3,1.4)

    • industry, including entrepreneurial development of new industries, such as textiles (E1.1)

    • the labor force including labor incentives and changes in labor forces (E1.2)

    • transportation including changes in transportation (steamboats and canal barges) and impact on economic markets and prices (E1.2,1.3)

    • immigration and the growth of nativism

    • race relations

    • class relations

    8 – U4.2.2 Explain the ideology of the institution of slavery, its policies, and consequences.

    8 – U4.2.3 Explain the expansion, conquest, and settlement of the West through the Louisiana Purchase, the removal of American Indians (Trail of Tears) from their native lands, the growth of a system of commercial agriculture, and the idea of Manifest Destiny. (E2.1)

    (National Geography Standard 6, p. 154)

    8 – U4.2.4 Develop an argument based on evidence about the positive and negative consequences of territorial and economic expansion on American Indians. the institution of slavery, and the relations between free and slaveholding states. (C2)

    (National Geography Standard 13, p. 169)

    Key concepts

    Essential understandings

    (Procedural or Conceptual)

    Vocabulary

    productivity

    entrepreneurial development

    textiles

    nativism

    expansion

    conquest

    supply and demand

    incentives

    labor force

    economic markets

    immigration

    ideology

    institution

    expansion

    conquest

    Content Vocabulary

    Manifest Destiny

    Northeast

    South

    westward expansion

    removal (of American Indians)

    Trail of Tears

    commercial agriculture

    free state

    slave state

    Aligned Assessments

    Students will know

    • the following information about the Northeast: human geography, physical geography, social and economic conditions
    • the following information about the South: human geography, physical geography, social and economic conditions
    • the rationale for using a system of slavery in the South and why the system continued
    • what the institution of slavery encompassed: including its policies and consequences
    • settlement, conquest, and expansion in regards to the American west
    • the process for developing an arguement based on evidence regarding the consequenceses of expansion

    Students will be able to

    • compare and contrast agriculture between the Northeast and the South - including changes in productivity, technology, supply and demand, and price
    • evaluate the use of entrepreneurship in the Northeast and the South
    • identify the similarities and differences in the labor force between the Northeast and the South - provide reasoning for the difference
    • illustrate changes in transportation and its impact on economic marketsand prices (canal barges and steamboats)
    • list causes for increased immigration and the growth of nativism
    • draw distinction between the regions of the Northeast and the South in regards to race and class relations
    • provide a defense for the institution of slavery in the context of the southern economic climate
    • provide a defense for the elimination of slavery in the context of social consequences
    • list the consequences of the Louisiana Purchase on the Native American population - both social and economic
    • identify the contents of the Indian Removal Act
    • illustrate the strengths and weaknesses of the Bureau of Indian Affairs
    • provide the rationale used by the federal government for removing Native Americans from their native lands
    • create a timeline of Native American resistance movements
    • provide a synopsis of the Native American view of the Trail of Tears
    • describe the viewpoint of a farmer regarding westward expansion
    • identify the origin of the coined phrase "Manifest Destiny" and how it applies to westward expansion
    • enumerate the pros and cons of territorial and economic expansion on American Indians
    • enumerate the pros and cons of territorial and economic expansion on the institution of slavery
    • enumerate the pros and cons of territorial and economic expanson on the relations between free and slaveholding states
    • list the reasons why the North was opposed to westward expansion including the impact such expansion would have on its labor force
    • list the reasons why the South was in favor of westward expansion including the need for access to alternate transportation routes

    Recommended Video: "American Indian Homelands" 2006 - documentary about the Native American experience in regards to land ownership

    This would be a good time to access local information regarding Indian Removal in the EUP.

    Last Modified on 9/23/2008 1:14:00 PM

Last Modified on February 14, 2018