• Strand Expansion and Reform

    Standard- Challenges to an Emerging Nation

    Grade Level 8

    Code U4.1

    GLCE/HSCE

    8 – U4.1.1 Use Washington"s Farewell Address to analyze the most significant challenges the new nation faced and the extent to which subsequent Presidents heeded Washington"s advice. (C4)

    8 – U4.1.2 Explain the changes in America"s relationships with other nations by analyzing treaties with American Indian nations, Jay"s Treaty (1795), French Revolution, Pinckney"s Treaty (1795), Louisiana Purchase,War of 1812,Transcontinental Treaty (1819), and the Monroe Doctrine. (C4) (National Geography Standard 13, p. 161)

    8 – U4.1.3 Explain how political parties emerged out of the competing ideas, experiences, and fears of Thomas Jefferson and Alexander Hamilton (and their followers), despite the worries the Founders had concerning the dangers of political division, by analyzing disagreements over

    • relative power of the national government (e.g.,Whiskey Rebellion, Alien and Sedition Acts) (C3)
    • foreign relations (e.g., French Revolution, relations with Great Britain) (C3)
    • economic policy (e.g., the creation of a national bank, assumption of revolutionary debt) (C3, E2.2)

    8 – U4.1.4 Explain the development of the power of the Supreme Court through the doctrine of judicial review as manifested in Marbury v. Madison (1803) and the role of Chief Justice John Marshall and the Supreme Court in interpreting the power of the national government (e.g., McCullouch v. Maryland, Dartmouth College v. Woodward, Gibbons v. Ogden). (C3, E1.4, 2.2)

    Key concepts

    Essential understandings

    (Procedural or Conceptual)

    Vocabulary

    treaties

    interpret - as in interpretation fo laws

    manifest

    doctrine

    founders

    Content Vocabulary

    judicial review

    Whiskey Rebellion

    Alien and Sedition Acts

    political division

    relative power

    foreign relations

    economic policy

    Jay"s Treaty

    Pickney"s Treaty

    French Revolution

    Louisiana Purchase

    War of 1812

    Transcontinental Treaty

    Monroe Doctrine

    Marbury v. Madison

    national bank

    Supreme Court

    McCulloch v. Madison

    Dartmouth College v. Woodward

    Gibbons v. Ogden

    Thomas Jefferson

    Alexander Hamilton

    John Marshall, Chief Justice

    Aligned Assessments

    Students will know

    • the content and effectof Washington"s Farewell Address
    • how the treaties during this time period impacted the size of the United States and its relationship with foreign countries
    • what caused political parties to develop in the United States
    • the rationale for having a national court system
    • how the Supreme Court became an intregal part of the federal government, i.e. judicial review

    Student friendly language

    "I can statements"

    • I can tellwhat was in Washington"s address and how it effected Americans.
    • I can describe how treaties effected the relationship between the U.S and other countries.
    • I can tell how policical parties were started.
    • I can tell why national courts were created.
    • I will describe why the supreme court is important to government.

    Students will be able to

    • describehow Washinton"sFarewell Address reflected the challenges of the new nation - i.e. political division, education, a united nation, and foreign alliances
    • formulate a list ofwhich successive presidents followed Washington"s advice outlined in the Farewell Address
    • clarify how treaties with Native American nations impacted land use and ownership in the United States
    • explain how Jay"s Treaty (1795) resolved disputes regarding land and debt between the United States and Great Britain
    • illustrate the relationship between the French Revolution and the Neutrality Proclamation, including information about how the American public was divided
    • explainhow Pickney"s Treaty (1795) resolved disputes regarding land and trade between the United States and Spain
    • demonstrate how the Louisiana Purchase affected the size of the United States
    • predict how the Louisiana Purchase would impact future relationsbetween the United States andotherdominant nations
    • indicate how the War of 1812 helped to boost morale of the United States and facilitated future relationships between the new country and the British
    • give details about how the Transcontinental Treaty (aka the Adams-Onis Treaty) settled all border disputes between Spain and the United States
    • give reasons for the implementation of the Monroe Doctrine and how its statement of American policy warning European powers not to interfere with the Americas was applied
    • rationalize the emergence of political parties in United States" politics
    • clarify the positions of Thomas Jefferson and Alexander Hamilton (and their followers) regarding the interpretation of the Constitution (strict v. loose)
    • list the dangers of political divisions by analyzing disagreements over relative power, foreign relations and economic policy
    • explain the Whiskey Rebellion and why Alexander Hamilton used the tax on whiskey as a part of his plan to raise money to help pay the federal debt
    • describe how the Alien and Sedition Acts were usedby the Federalists in anattempt to crush the opposition to war
    • give an explanation for the creation of a national bank
    • explain the process of the assumption of revolutionary debt
    • illustrate the balance of power national court system
    • validatewhy the national court system was necessary
    • understand how the Supreme Court acquired its power through the role of judicial review
    • gather information regarding Chief Justice John Marshall and his interpretation of judicial review
    • collect information about landmark Supreme Court cases that reinforce the power of judicial review (eg, McCullouch v. Maryland, Dartmouth College v. Woodward, Gibbons v. Ogden)

    Student friendly language

    "I can statements"

    • I can describe how Washington"s address affected the relationship between the U.S government and it"s citizens and with foreign nations.
    • I can describe which presidents followed Washington"s advice.
    • I can describe how the treaties effected the Native Americans.
    • I can describe howJay"s treaty solved the land and money issues between the U.S. and Britain.
    • I can describe how the French Revolution effected Americans.
    • I can describe how the Pinkney treaty resolved issues between the U.S. and Spain.
    • I can describe how the Louisana Purchase effected the relationship between the U.S. and other nations.

    Last Modified on 11/20/2008 2:42:42 PM

Last Modified on February 14, 2018