• Third Grade Social Studies:  Michigan Studies

     

    Unit 5:  The Government of Michigan

     

    Overarching Question: 

     

    How has the government in Michigan responded to the needs of people as Michigan has grown?

    Previous Unit: 

     

    The Growth of Michigan

    This Unit: 

     

    The Government of Michigan

    Next Unit:

     

    Public Issues Facing Michigan Citizens

     

    m 

    Questions To Focus Assessment and Instruction:

     

    1.      Why do the people in the state of Michigan need a government?

    2.      How is our state government organized?

    3.      What are some important rights and responsibilities of Michigan citizens?

     

    Types of Thinking

     

    Compare/Contrast

    Description

     

     

      

    Unit Abstract:

    In this unit students extend their civic perspective from second grade local government to state government. They begin with an examination of the purposes of government and ways in which the government of Michigan works to fulfill those purposes. By exploring the concept of representative government, students learn how the power of government resides with the people.  They build upon their knowledge of local government and community by distinguishing the roles of state government from local government and explore why state governments are needed.  By learning about the Michigan Constitution, students are introduced to the concept of limited government and the history of Michigan’s Constitution.  An understanding of limited government is further enriched through an exploration of how the powers of government are separated among the branches in state government.  Students then explore the judicial branch by examining ways courts function to resolve conflict.  Finally, students consider important rights and responsibilities of citizenship including the responsibility to be informed about public issues.

     

    Unit Assessment:
     
    Unit Focus Questions:

    1.      Why do the people in the state of Michigan need a government?

    2.      How is our state government organized?

    3.      What are some important rights and responsibilities of Michigan citizens?

      

    Content Expectations:
    3- C1.0.1:       Give an example of how Michigan state government fulfills one of the purposes of
                            government (e.g., protecting individual rights, promoting the common good, ensuring
                            equal treatment under the law).
    3- C2.0.1:       Describe how Michigan state government reflects the principle of representative
                            government.

    3 - C3.0.1:      Distinguish between the roles of state and local government.

    3 - C3.0.3:      Identify the three branches of state government in Michigan and the powers of each.

    3 - C3.0.4:      Explain how state courts function to resolve conflict.

    3 - C3.0.5:      Describe the purpose of the Michigan Constitution.

    3 - C5.0.1:      Identify rights (e.g., freedom of speech, freedom of religion, right to own property) and responsibilities of citizenship (e.g., respecting the rights of others, voting, obeying laws). 

      

    Unit Key Concepts:
    • constitution
    • government
    • legislative, executive and judicial branches
    • levels of government
    • limited government
    • public issues
    • representative government
    • responsibilities of citizenship
    • rights of citizens

    Duration:

    6 weeks
     
    Lesson Sequence:
    Lesson 1:  Why Do We Need Governments?

    Lesson 2:  What is Representative Government?

    Lesson 3:  How does State Government Differ from Local Government?

    Lesson 4:  What is the Purpose of the Michigan Constitution?

    Lesson 5:  How is the Government of Michigan Organized?

    Lesson 6:  How Do Courts Function to Resolve Conflict?

    Lesson 7:  What are the Rights and Responsibilities of Michigan Citizens?

     

    Assessment

     

    Resources (see lesson resources as well):

    Resources for Further Professional Knowledge

    Chapter 2: About State Government. Michigan in Brief website. 28 Jan. 2008 <http://www.michiganinbrief.org/edition06/text/intro/chap-2.htm>.

     

    A Citizen’s Guide to State Government. 2003-2004 Michigan Legislature. 28 Jan. 2008 <http://www.michiganlegislature.org/documents/publications/citizensguide.pdf>.

       

    Instructional Organization for the Topic

     

    Lesson 1:  Why Do We Need Governments?

     

    Content Expectations:
    3 - C1.0.1       Give an example of how Michigan state government fulfills one of the purposes of
                            government (e.g., protecting individual rights, promoting the common good, ensuring
                            equal treatment under the law).

     

    Key Concepts:  government
     
    Lesson Vocabulary:  government, Core Demoncratic Value (e.g. protecting individual rights, promoting common good, ensuring equal treatment under the law)
     
    Students will know:  the purposes of government and how it gives certain rights and freedoms to citizens.
    Students will be able to:  identify one of the purposes of Michigan state government and explain how the state government fulfills it.
    Student friendly language:  I can name at least one thing our state government does to help people in Michigan.
     

    Abstract:  This lesson introduces students to the concept of government. Beginning with a small group activity where students explore what a community would be like without a government. After examining some of the important purposes of government, students study specific ways the Michigan state government works to fulfill these purposes.

     

    Handouts:

     

    Lesson Resources:
    C1.0.1

    United Streaming Resources:

    C1.0.1
    • Introduction to Government: TLC Elementary School-Understanding Government (24:16)
    • The American Government: Introduction to Democracy and Creation of Government (15:00)
    Lesson 2:  What is Representative Government?

     

    Content Expectations:
    3 - C2.0.1       Describe how Michigan state government reflects the principle of representative
                            government. 

     

    Key Concepts: representative government

     

    Lesson Vocabulary: constitutional democracy
     
    Students will know:  how government officials are elected in Michigan.
    Students will be able to:  name the state level elected officials (Governor, state representative, state senator).
    Student friendly language:  I can identify the Governor, state representative, state senator in Michigan. 
    I can describe what democracy is.
     

    Abstract:  This lesson builds on lesson 1 and introduces students to the concept of representative government. Through a brief introduction to the concept of a republic, students learn that in our system of government the power resides with the people. During the lesson, students identify their representative and senator.

     

    Handouts:

     

    Lesson Resources:

    United Streaming Resources:

    C2.0.1
    • The American Government: Introduction to Democracy and Creation of Government (15:00)
    Lesson 3:  How does State Government Differ from Local Government?

     

    Content Expectations:
    3- C3.0.1        Distinguish between the roles of state and local government.

     

    Key Concepts: levels of government
     
    Lesson Vocabulary:  local, government
     
    Students will know:  about state and local government.
    Students will be able to:  discuss the differences of the roles of state and local government.
    Student friendly language:  I can complete a chart that explains the roles of state and lcoal government.
     

    Abstract:  This lesson begins with a review of the common types of local government as students create a graphic organizer describing their own local government. After students explore the similarities and differences of state and local governments, they draw conclusions as to why state governments are needed.

     

    Handouts:

     

    Lesson Resources:

    United Streaming Resources:

    C3.0.1
    • This is Our Government (18:00)
    Lesson 4:  What is the Purpose of the Michigan Constitution?

     

    Content Expectations:
    3 - C3.0.5       Describe the purpose of the Michigan Constitution.

     

    Key Concepts:  limited government
     
    Lesson Vocabulary:  Constitution 
     
    Students will know:  the purpose of the Michigan Constitution.
    Students will be able to:  describe the purpose of the Michigan Constitution.
    Student friendly language:  I can identify why Michigan has a constitution.
     

    Abstract:  This lesson introduces students to the concept of limited government as students explore how our state constitution limits power.  This lesson also provides foundational understandings for grades 4 and 5. During the lesson, students explore a simple timeline showing the development of Michigan’s four constitutions.  This lesson is intended to build on students understanding of Michigan history as they explore the history of state government.

     

    Handouts:

     

    Lesson Resources:
    United Streaming Resources:
     

    Lesson 5:  How is the Government of Michigan Organized?

     

    Content Expectations:

    3 - C3.0.3       Identify the three branches of state government in Michigan and the powers of
                         each.

     

    Key Concepts:   branches of government, limited government
     
    Lesson Vocabulary:  government, legislative, executive, and judicial 
     
    Students will know:  the three major branches of government.
    Students will be able to:  identify the three branches of state government and their powers.
    Student friendly language:  I can complete a chart that shows the three branches of Michigan Government.

     

    Abstract:  In this lesson students explore how the Michigan constitution limits the power of government by separating power.  Using a graphic organizer, students examine how power is separated among the three branches of Michigan government.  Students apply examples from newspapers as they analyze the functions and powers of each branch.

     

    Handouts:

     

    Lesson Resources:

    C3.0.3

    United Streaming Resources:
    C3.0.3
    • This is Our Government-State Government [segment (3:49)]
    Lesson 6:  How Do Courts Function to Resolve Conflict?

     

    Content Expectations:

    3 - C3.0.3       Identify the three branches of state government in Michigan and the powers of
                         each.

    3 - C3.0.4       Explain how state courts function to resolve conflict.

     

    Key Concepts: judicial branch
     
    Lesson Vocabulary:
    C3.0.3:  government, legislative, executive, and judicial
    C3.0.4:  conflict
     
    Students will know:
    C3.0.3:  the three major branches of government.
    C3.0.4:  the function of state courts.
    Students will be able to:
    C3.0.3:  identify the three branches of state government and their powers.
    C3.0.4:  explain the functino of the state courts.
    Student friendly language:
    C3.0.3:  I can complete a chart that shows the three branches of Michigan Government.
    C3.0.4:  I can answer questions about what the state courts do.
     
    Abstract:  In this lesson, students explore how courts resolve conflict through a simple mock trial. The civic responsibility of serving on a jury is addressed and launches the subsequent lesson on rights and responsibilities of citizens.

     

    Handouts:

     

    Lesson Resources:

    C3.0.3

    C3.0.4

     

    United Streaming Resources:
    C3.0.3 & C3.0.4
    • This is Our Government-State Government [segment(3:49)]
    Lesson 7:  What are the Rights and Responsibilities of Michigan Citizens?

     

    Content Expectations:
    3 - C5.0.1       Identify rights (e.g., freedom of speech, freedom of religion, right to own
    property) and responsibilities of citizenship (e.g., respecting the right
    of others, voting, obeying laws).
     
    Key Concepts: rights of citizens, responsibilities of citizenship
     
    Lesson Vocabulary:  laws, voting
     
    Students will know: the rights and responsiblities of citizens.
    Students will be able to: 
    • identify important American rights of citizenship (freedom of speech, freedom of religion, rigth to own property).
    • identify the responsiblities of citizens (respecting the rights of others, voting, obeying laws)
    Student friendly language:  I can explain my rights and responsiblities as a citizen.
     
    Abstract:  This lesson explores some of the rights of citizens such as freedom of expression, freedom of religion, and the right to vote. After students brainstorm a list of rights, they discuss how laws and governments protect people’s rights, how people should be guided by the rule of law, and some of the responsibilities of citizenship. The lesson concludes with students creating a visual depiction of some of the rights and responsibilities of Michigan citizens.

     

     

    Handouts:

     

    Lesson Resources:

     

    United Streaming Resources:
    C5.0.1
    • The American Government-The Importance of Rules [segment (2:14)]
    • The American Government-What is Organization [segment (1:09)]
    • The American Government-Rules of American Government [segment (3:26)]
     
     
Last Modified on February 14, 2018