Manifestation Determination Review (MDR)
MANIFESTATION DETERMINATION GUIDELINES
Revised February 2018
Manifestation Determination Review (MDR) is a required process of data review when a student with a disability demonstrates problem behavior that results in a change of placement*. The MDR seeks to determine whether offending behavior was a manifestation of the student’s disability or due to failure to implement the student’s program. A meaningful MDR will result in informed decision making and appropriate allocation of supports that are crucial to student success.
*Change of placement is defined as removal from a program for:
more than 10 consecutive days
-OR- a series of removals that constitutes a pattern or exceeds 10 cumulative days
- OR - removal from a program to an interim alternative educational setting.
When should a district conduct MDR
Legal Requirement (MARSE 34 CFR §300.530)
A MDR is required within 10 school days of any decision to change the placement of a child with a disability because of a violation of the code of student conduct.
*NOTE: The district MUST document that Procedural Safeguards were provided to the parent/guardian.
MDR team must include:
Local Education Agency (LEA) representative (e.g. school administrator)
Relevant IEP team members:
General education teacher
Special education teacher/provider
Individual who can interpret the instructional implications of evaluation results
Other possible participants include:
Related services professionals
Individuals invited by the parent
A FBA will include the following components:
ABC data collection
ABC data analysis
Log of Interventions Attempted
Scott, T. M., & Cooper, J. T. (2017). Functional Behavior Assessment and
Function-Based Intervention Planning: Considering the Simple Logic of the
Process. Beyond Behavior, 26(3), 101-104. doi:10.1177/1074295617716113